The Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect saves lives by mobilizing the international community to act in situations where populations are at risk of mass atrocity crimes.
"We exist to uphold the norm of the Responsibility to Protect – known as R2P – adopted by the UN in 2005. This principle seeks to ensure that the international community never again fails to halt the mass atrocity crimes of genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity."
'Our Mission: Making R2P A Global Reality'
To make the promise of R2P a reality, the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect (GCR2P) was established in 2008 by supportive governments, leading figures from the human rights field (including former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, former Australian Foreign Minister Gareth Evans and former President of Ireland and UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Mary Robinson), as well as five of the world’s leading international non-governmental organizations (Human Rights Watch, International Crisis Group, Oxfam International, Refugees International and the World Federalist Movement). The Global Centre engages in advocacy around specific crises, conducts research designed to further understanding of R2P, recommends strategies to help states build capacity, and works closely with NGOs, governments and regional bodies which are seeking to operationalize the Responsibility to Protect. The Global Centre has offices in New York and Geneva.
To advance the international commitment to R2P, the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect focuses on three main areas:
CLARIFYING R2P - In-depth research and analysis for policymakers. Focusing on real world case studies and “lessons learned,” the Global Centre is the leading international authority on applying the R2P lens to crisis situations.
ADVOCATING FOR R2P IMPLEMENTATION - Influencing decision-makers to act to prevent mass atrocity crimes. The Global Centre works closely with governments, regional organizations, the UN Security Council and the UN Secretariat. It provides policymakers with advice and helps mobilize meaningful action.
STRENGTHENING AND INSTITUTIONALIZING R2P - Building dedicated institutions and capacities at the national, regional and international level to effectively respond to the threat of mass atrocity crimes. The Global Centre focuses on long-term solutions to prevent mass atrocity crimes and protect human rights. The Global Centre is assisting states in building a “community of commitment” against mass atrocities.
WHAT IS R2P?
The Responsibility to Protect populations from genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing has emerged as an important global principle since the adoption of the UN World Summit Outcome Document in 2005. The Responsibility to Protect – known as R2P – is an international norm that seeks to ensure that the international community never again fails to halt the mass atrocity crimes of genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity. The concept emerged in response to the failure of the international community to adequately respond to mass atrocities committed in Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia during the 1990s. The International Committee on Intervention and State Sovereignty developed the concept of R2P during 2001. The Responsibility to Protect was unanimously adopted in 2005 at the UN World Summit, the largest gathering of Heads of State and Government in history. It is articulated in paragraphs 138 and 139 of the World Summit Outcome Document: