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United Nations | Lionbliss Research


The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization whose purposes are to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations.[2] It is the world's largest and most familiar international organization.[3] The UN is headquartered on international territory in New York City, and has other main offices in Geneva, Nairobi, Vienna, and The Hague (home to the International Court of Justice). The UN was established after World War II with the aim of preventing future wars, succeeding the rather ineffective League of Nations.[4] On 25 April 1945, 50 governments met in San Francisco for a conference and started drafting the UN Charter, which was adopted on 25 June 1945 and took effect on 24 October 1945, when the UN began operations. Pursuant to the Charter, the organization's objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development, and upholding international law.[5]

6 Principal Organs

The specialized agencies are autonomous organizations working with the United Nations and each other through the co-ordinating machinery of the Economic and Social Council and the Chief Executives Board for Coordination. Each was integrated into the UN System by way of an agreement with the UN under UN Charter article 57 (except ICSID and MIGA, both part of the World Bank Group).[8][13]

  • Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

  • International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

  • International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

  • International Labour Organization (ILO)

  • International Maritime Organization (IMO)

  • International Monetary Fund (IMF)

  • International Telecommunication Union (ITU)

  • United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

  • United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)

  • Universal Postal Union (UPU)

  • World Bank Group (WBG)

    • International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)

    • International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID)

    • International Development Association (IDA)

    • International Finance Corporation (IFC)

    • Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA)

  • World Health Organization (WHO)

  • World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

  • World Meteorological Organization (WMO)

  • World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)

  • International Refugee Organization (IRO); ceased to exist in 1952


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